Risultati della ricerca
Creator: Carroll, Evelyn F. and Nelson, Richard Ward, 1899- Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 166 Descrizione:
Commerical banks ; Bank regulation ; Bank supervision
Soggetto: G28 - Financial institutions and services - Government policy and regulation and G21 - Financial institutions and services - Banks ; Other depository institutions ; Micro finance institutions ; Mortgages
Creator: Boyd, John H., Daley, Lane A., 1953-, and Runkle, David Edward. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 515 Abstract:
This paper examines the seasonal pattern of accruals for loan-loss provisions and chargeoffs chosen by bank managers. Using the existing literature on intra-year discretionary accruals, knowledge of the incentive systems used to evaluate bank managers' performance, and various regulatory characteristics, we predict that accruals for provisions and chargeoffs will cluster in the fourth quarter of each year. We examine quarterly data for 105 large bank holding companies from the first quarter of 1980 through the fourth quarter of 1990. Our results indicate that: (1) provisions and chargeoffs are clustered in the fourth quarter, (2) this clustering is not related to the level of business activity of the banks, (3) the proximity of a bank's actual capital to its regulatory capital requirement does not affect this clustering, and (4) current provisions are affected both by current chargeoffs and by expectations about future chargeoffs. To examine whether the systematic characteristics of these loan-loss provision and chargeoff decisions are understood by users, we also estimate a quarterly equity valuation model in which quarterly provisions should be differentially weighted to reflect their seasonal characteristics. We find strong evidence to indicate that equity prices behave as if the market participants take these seasonal properties into account.
Parola chiave: Bank lending, Loans, Charge-off, Loan losses, Banks, Loan-loss provision, and Seasonality Soggetto: G21 - Financial institutions and services - Banks ; Other depository institutions ; Micro finance institutions ; Mortgages and G14 - General financial markets - Information and market efficiency ; Event studies
Creator: Mulligan, Casey B. Series: Great depressions of the twentieth century Abstract:
I prove some theorems for competitive equilibria in the presence of distortionary taxes and other restraints of trade, and use those theorems to motivate an algorithm for (exactly) computing and empirically evaluating competitive equilibria in dynamic economies. Although its economics is relatively sophisticated, the algorithm is so computationally economical that it can be implemented with a few lines in a spreadsheet. Although a competitive equilibrium models interactions between all sectors, all consumer types, and all time periods, I show how my algorithm permits separate empirical evaluation of these pieces of the model and hence is practical even when very little data is available. For similar reasons, these evaluations are not particularly sensitive to how data is partitioned into "trends" and "cycles." I then compute a real business cycle model with distortionary taxes that fits aggregate U.S. time series for the period 1929-50 and conclude that, if it is to explain aggregate behavior during the period, government policy must have heavily taxed labor income during the Great Depression and lightly taxed it during the war. In other words, the challenge for the competitive equilibrium approach is not so much why output might change over time, but why the marginal product of labor and the marginal value of leisure diverged so much and why that wedge persisted so long. In this sense, explaining aggregate behavior during the period has been reduced to a public finance question - were actual government policies distorting behavior in the same direction and magnitude as government policies in the model?
Parola chiave: Depressions, Taxes, World War 2, and Competitive equilibrium models Soggetto: H30 - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, E32 - Business Fluctuations; Cycles, and C68 - Computable General Equilibrium Models
Creator: Green, Edward J. and Oh, Soo-Nam. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 499 Abstract:
In this paper we explain why markets in noncontingent debt securities might be a stable form of market organization for intermediation to households. Efficient-contract allocation might be supported by these markets because households' relationships with their intermediaries do not exactly parallel the explicit form of the noncontingent contracts that they explicitly sign with one another. Also we show that the efficient-contract model can be distinguished from alternative models within the time-series framework that has been widely used to study households' consumption patterns.
Paper prepared for the 'Debt and Credit' Conference at the LSE.
Parola chiave: Credit contracts, Consumption, Credit, Debt securities, and Households Soggetto: C22 - Single equation models ; Single variables - Time-series models ; Dynamic quantile regressions, G21 - Financial institutions and services - Banks ; Other depository institutions ; Micro finance institutions ; Mortgages, and D11 - Household behavior and family economics - Consumer economics : Theory
Creator: Nevin, Edward. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 9 Descrizione:
The 1972 version of WP9 was published as part of the Ninth District Economic Series.
Parola chiave: Policy making, Banking, and Regionalism Soggetto: G21 - Financial institutions and services - Banks ; Other depository institutions ; Micro finance institutions ; Mortgages and R58 - Regional government analysis - Regional development policy
Creator: Backus, David. and Kehoe, Patrick J. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 359 Abstract:
We show that some classes of sterilized interventions have no effect on equilibrium prices or quantities. The proof does not depend on complete markets, infinitely-lived agents, Ricardian equivalence, monetary neutrality, or the law of one price. Moreover, regressions of exchange rates or interest differentials on variables measuring the currency composition of the debt may contain no information, in our theoretical economy, about the effectiveness of such interventions. Another class of interventions requires simultaneous changes in monetary and fiscal policy; their effects depend, generally, on the influence of tax distortions, government spending, and money supplies on economic behavior. We suggest that in applying the portfolio balance approach to the study of intervention, lack 01 explicit modeling of these features is a serious flaw.
Parola chiave: Debts, external and Foreign exchange law and legislation Soggetto: F41 - Macroeconomic aspects of international trade and finance - Open economy macroeconomics, F31 - International finance - Foreign exchange, and H30 - Fiscal policies and behavior of economic agents - General
Creator: Altug, Sumru. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 343 Descrizione:
"These notes were... initially circulated as Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Working Paper 343, 1987." The 1987 version is out of print.
Parola chiave: Price fluctuations, Price bubbles, Money stock, Hyperinflation, Bubble, Phillip Cagan, Real cash balances, and Currency reform Soggetto: E31 - Prices, business fluctuations, and cycles - Price level ; Inflation ; Deflation and E51 - Monetary policy, central banking, and the supply of money and credit - Money supply ; Credit ; Money multipliers