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Creator: Dahl, David S. and Gane, Samuel H. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 129 Abstract:
An important contention of Proposition 13's proponents was that a tax reduction would boost economic activity. It is too early to ascertain whether or not this has happened in California. This study addresses the issue in a more general context by attempting to answer the question: Do state and local taxes affect economic growth? Economic theory tells us that a change in the level of state and local taxes might affect economic growth in a number of ways, but the direction of the net result is not obvious. The methodology used here is multiple regression analysis across states. The major contribution of this study is the use of other variables besides taxes to explain growth in personal income, reducing possible biases in the results of previous work in this area. The results of this study indicate that state and local taxes may be a significant deterrent to growth in personal income.
Mot-clé: Proposition 13, Income tax, Property tax, and Personal income Assujettir: H24 - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies; includes inheritance and gift taxes and H71 - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
Creator: Huffman, Gregory W. Series: Finance, fluctuations, and development Abstract:
In this paper a dynamic model is constructed in which labor and capital taxes are determined endogenously through majority voting. The wealth distribution of the economy is shown to influence the voting behavior, and hence the equilibrium levels of the tax rates, which in turn affect the future distribution of wealth. It is shown that the economy exhibits a unique dynamic behavior. Because of the endogenously determined taxes, the asset prices, wealth distribution, and the tax rates can display persistent fluctuations, and even limit cycles, in reaction to exogenous disturbances, or even due to initial conditions. It is also shown that "tax smoothing" does not necessarily appear to naturally arise in such a model, as the economy can display extreme fluctuations in the endogenously determined tax rates.
Mot-clé: Wealth distribution, Voting behavior, Asset prices, Policy formulation, Dynamic general equilibrium model, and Tax rates Assujettir: H25 - Taxation, subsidies and revenue - Business taxes and subsidies, D31 - Distribution - Personal income, wealth, and their distributions, H20 - Taxation, subsidies and revenue - General, and H24 - Taxation, subsidies and revenue - Personal income and other nonbusiness taxes and subsidies