Creator: Chari, V. V., Jagannathan, Ravi., and Jones, Larry E. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 316 Abstract:
In this paper, we characterize those situations in which after the introduction of futures markets there is either an unambiguous change in the volatility of spot prices or an unambiguous change in welfare. We provide examples of the usefulness of this approach by giving two alternative sets of sufficient conditions for price volatility to decline following the introduction of futures trading. We also provide a set of sufficient conditions for the introduction of futures trading to increase the welfare of all agents.
Stichwort: Prices, Futures market, and Commodities Fach: O16 - Economic development - Financial markets ; Saving and capital investment ; Corporate finance and governance
Creator: Boyd, John H. and Smith, Bruce D., d. 2002. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 522 Abstract:
We consider a two country growth model with international capital markets. These markets fund capital investment in both countries, and operate subject to a costly state verification (CSV) problem. Investors in each country require some external finance, but also provide internal finance, which mitigates the CSV problem. When two identical (except for their initial capital stocks) economies are closed, they necessarily converge monotonically to the same steady state output level. Unrestricted international financial trade precludes otherwise identical economies from converging, and poor countries are necessarily net lenders to rich countries. Oscillation in real activity and international capital flows can occur.
Stichwort: CSV, International lending, Capital investment, Credit rationing, International capital markets, Credit, Costly state verification, Closed economy, and Open economy Fach: O16 - Economic development - Financial markets ; Saving and capital investment ; Corporate finance and governance and F34 - International finance - International lending and debt problems