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Creator: Uy, Timothy, Yi, Kei-Mu, and Zhang, Jing Series: Staff report (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 456 Abstract:
We study the importance of international trade in structural change. Our framework has both productivity and trade cost shocks, and allows for non-unitary income and substitution elasticities. We calibrate our model to investigate South Korea’s structural change between 1971 and 2005. We find that the shock processes, propagated through the model’s two main transmission mechanisms, non-homothetic preferences and the open economy, explain virtually all of the evolution of agriculture and services labor shares, and the rising part of the hump-shape in manufacturing. Counterfactual exercises show that the role of the open economy is quantitatively important for explaining South Korea’s structural change.
Palabra clave: International trade, Sectoral labor reallocation, and Structural transformation Tema: F20 - International Factor Movements and International Business: General, O13 - Economic Development: Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products, O41 - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models, and F40 - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General
Creator: Arellano, Cristina, Bai, Yan, and Zhang, Jing Series: Staff report (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 392 Abstract:
This paper studies the impact of cross-country variation in financial market development on firms’ financing choices and growth rates using comprehensive firm-level datasets. We document that in less financially developed economies, small firms grow faster and have lower debt to asset ratios than large firms. We then develop a quantitative model where financial frictions drive firm growth and debt financing through the availability of credit and default risk. We parameterize the model to the firms’ financial structure in the data and show that financial restrictions can account for the majority of the difference in growth rates between firms of different sizes across countries.
Palabra clave: Firm investment and growth, Cross-country firm level dataset, and Default risk Tema: F20 - International Factor Movements and International Business: General and E22 - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
Creator: Chari, V. V. and Kehoe, Patrick J. Series: Staff report (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 316 Abstract:
Financial crises are widely argued to be due to herd behavior. Yet recently developed models of herd behavior have been subjected to two critiques which seem to make them inapplicable to financial crises. Herds disappear from these models if two of their unappealing assumptions are modified: if their zero-one investment decisions are made continuous and if their investors are allowed to trade assets with market-determined prices. However, both critiques are overturned—herds reappear in these models—once another of their unappealing assumptions is modified: if, instead of moving in a prespecified order, investors can move whenever they choose.
Palabra clave: Financial collapse, Capital flows, and Information cascades Tema: G15 - International Financial Markets, E32 - Business Fluctuations; Cycles, F40 - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General, F32 - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements, and F20 - International Factor Movements and International Business: General