Risultati della ricerca
Creator: Bryant, John B. and Wallace, Neil. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 123 Abstract:
In "Open Market Operations in a Model of Regulated, Insured Intermediaries" [JPE, forthcoming] we show that once-for-all open market purchases need not be inflationary. Here we show this result can carry over to various stationary accommodation rules given stochastic deficits. In particular, the inflationary and deflationary effects of stochastic deficits are not offset by, nor welfare improved by, a monetary policy that leans toward monetarism. Moreover, a constant money growth rule is not in the class of stationary policies given the kind of stochastic deficit we analyze, which by itself is a serious indictment of the monetarist proposal.
Parola chiave: Accomodation rules, Debt, Monetarism, Inflation, and Deflation Soggetto: H62 - National budget, deficit, and debt - Deficit ; Surplus and E51 - Monetary policy, central banking, and the supply of money and credit - Money supply ; Credit ; Money multipliers
Creator: Litterman, Robert B. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 200 Abstract:
Using optimal control theory and a vector autoregressive representation of the relationship between money and interest rates one can derive a feedback control procedure which defines the best possible tradeoff between interest rate volatility and money supply fluctuations and which could be used to reduce both from their current levels.
Parola chiave: Federal Reserve Bank, Control theory, Time series analysis, Optimal control theory, and Inflation Soggetto: E51 - Monetary policy, central banking, and the supply of money and credit - Money supply ; Credit ; Money multipliers, E58 - Monetary policy, central banking, and the supply of money and credit - Central banks and their policies, and E40 - Money and interest rates - General
Creator: Smith, Bruce D., d. 2002. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 202 Abstract:
A model of credit rationing based on asymmetrically informed borrowers and lenders is developed. In this context, sufficient conditions are derived for an appropriate government policy response to credit rationing to be a continuously open discount window. It is also demonstrated that such a policy can be deflationary, and that given a commitment to operate in this way, the monopoly issue of liabilities can Pareto dominate their competitive issuance.
Parola chiave: Government loans, Assymetric information, Jaffee-Russel model, Credit limit, and Federal lending Soggetto: D82 - Information, knowledge, and uncertainty - Asymmetric and private information, H81 - Miscellaneous issues - Governmental loans, loan guarantees, credits, and grants, and E51 - Monetary policy, central banking, and the supply of money and credit - Money supply ; Credit ; Money multipliers
Creator: Smith, Bruce D., d. 2002. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 245 Abstract:
Recent developments in monetary economics stress the nature of monetary injections, emphasizing that these have implications for the relationship between money and prices. In constrast, traditional approaches posit stable money demand functions that are independent of how money is injected. The former approach implies that certain proportionality relations between money and prices need not obtain. This permits the two approaches to be empirically distinguished, but only if an appropriate "experiment" is conducted. The colonial period is one such experiment. Colonial evidence suggests that the nature of injections is crucial to the effect on prices of changes in the money supply.
Parola chiave: Value of money, Monetary injections, Sargent-Wallace theory of money, and Quantity theory of money Soggetto: E51 - Monetary policy, central banking, and the supply of money and credit - Money supply ; Credit ; Money multipliers and N11 - Macroeconomics and monetary economics ; Growth and fluctuations - United States ; Canada : Pre-1913
Creator: Diba, Behzad. and Oh, Seonghwan. Series: Business analysis committee meeting Abstract:
This paper reports some empirical evidence on the relation between the expected real interest rate and monetary aggregates in postwar U.S. data. We find some evidence against the hypothesis, implied by the Real Business Cycle model of Litterman and Weiss (1985), that the expected real interest rate follows a univariate autoregressive process, not Granger-caused by monetary aggregates. Our findings, however, are consistent with a more general bivariate model--suggested by what Barro (1987, Chapter 5) refers to as "the basic market-clearing model"--in which the real rate depends on its own lagged values and on lagged output. Taking this bivariate model as our null hypothesis, we find no evidence that money-stock changes have a significant liquidity effect on the expected real interest rate.
Soggetto: E43 - Money and interest rates - Determination of interest rates ; Term structure of interest rates, E51 - Monetary policy, central banking, and the supply of money and credit - Money supply ; Credit ; Money multipliers, and E32 - Prices, business fluctuations, and cycles - Business fluctuations ; Cycles
Creator: Baxter, Marianne, 1956- Series: Nonlinear rational expectations modeling group Abstract:
This paper develops a new method for approximating dynamic competitive equilibria in economies in which competitive equilibrium is not necessarily Pareto optimal. The method involves finding approximate equilibrium policy functions by iterating on the stochastic Euler equations which characterize the economy's equilibrium. Two applications are presented: the stochastic growth model of Brock and Mirman (1971) modified to allow distortionary taxation, and a model of inflation and capital accumulation based on Stockman (1981). The computational speed and accuracy of this approach suggests that it may be a feasible method for studying suboptimal economies with large state spaces.
Soggetto: C61 - Mathematical methods and programming - Optimization techniques ; Programming models ; Dynamic analysis, E51 - Monetary policy, central banking, and the supply of money and credit - Money supply ; Credit ; Money multipliers, and C63 - Mathematical methods and programming - Computational techniques ; Simulation modeling
Creator: Braun, R. Anton. and Christiano, Lawrence J. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 529 Abstract:
The money demand literature presents much conflicting evidence on this question. For example, Lucas (1988) reports unrestricted money demand regressions which seem to imply that long-run money demand elasticities are highly unstable across subsamples. At the same time, he also presents evidence from money demand regressions with the income elasticity restricted to unity which seem to suggest stability. We conduct a formal analysis which weighs these apparently conflicting facts to determine which hypothesis is more plausible; the hypothesis that money demand is stable, or the hypothesis that money demand is unstable. We find that the stability hypothesis is the more plausible one. Thus, according to our data set, the answer to the question in the title is "yes".
Parola chiave: M1, Money demand, Regression analysis, Money demand regressions, and Money supply Soggetto: E41 - Money and interest rates - Demand for money and E51 - Monetary policy, central banking, and the supply of money and credit - Money supply ; Credit ; Money multipliers