Creator: Bartelsman, Eric J. and Beaulieu, J. Joseph. Series: Joint committee on business and financial analysis Abstract:
This paper is the first of a series of explorations in the relative performance and sources of productivity growth of U.S. businesses across industries and legal structure. In order to assemble the disparate data from various sources to develop a coherent productivity database, we developed a general system to manage data. The paper describes this system and then applies it by building such a database. The paper presents updated estimates of gross output, intermediate input use and value added using the BEA=s GPO data set. It supplements these data with estimates of missing data on intermediate input use and prices for the 1977-1986 period, and it concords these data, which are organized on a 1972 SIC basis, to the 1987 SIC in order to have consistent time series covering the last twenty-four years. It further refines these data by disaggregating them by legal form of organization. The paper also presents estimates of labor hours, investment, capital services and, consequently, multifactor productivity disaggregated by industry and legal form of organization, and it analyzes the contribution of various industries and business organizations to aggregate productivity. The paper also reconsiders these estimates in light of the surge in spending in advance of the century-date change.
Keyword: Industrial productivity, Database design, Labor productivity, and Legal form of organization Subject (JEL): D24 - Production and organizations - Production ; Cost ; Capital and total factor productivity ; Capacity and E23 - Macroeconomics : Consumption, saving, production, employment, and investment - Production
Creator: Aschauer, David Alan. Series: Business analysis committee meeting Abstract:
This paper considers the relationship between total private factor productivity and stock and flow government expenditure variables. The empirical results indicate that (i) the nonmilitary public capital stock is dramatically more important in determining productivity than is either the flow of nonmilitary or military spending, (ii) military capital is not productive, and (iii) the public stock of structures--especially a "core" infrastructure of streets, highways, sewers, and water systems--has more explanatory power for productivity than does the stock of equipment. The paper also suggests an important role for the net public capital stock in the "productivity slowdown" of the last fifteen years.
Subject (JEL): D24 - Production and organizations - Production ; Cost ; Capital and total factor productivity ; Capacity and H54 - National government expenditures and related policies - Infrastructures ; Other public investment and capital stock
Creator: Huggett, Mark. and Ospina, Sandra. Series: Productivity and the industrial revolution Abstract:
A number of theoretical models of technology adoption have been proposed that emphasize technological switching, loss of expertise and subsequent technology-specific learning. These models imply that measured productivity may initially fall and then later rise after the adoption of a new technology. This paper investigates whether or not this implication is a feature of plant-level data from the Colombian manufacturing sector. We regress measures of productivity growth at the plant level on a plant-specific measure of technology adoption and its lagged values. We find that...
Keyword: Manufacturing, Embodied, Colombia, South America, Productivity, Technology, and Latin America Subject (JEL): D24 - Production and organizations - Production ; Cost ; Capital and total factor productivity ; Capacity, O14 - Economic development - Industrialization ; Manufacturing and service industries ; Choice of technology, L60 - Industry Studies: Manufacturing: General, and O33 - Technological change ; Research and development - Technological change : Choices and consequences ; Diffusion processes