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Creator: Christiano, Lawrence J. and Eichenbaum, Martin S. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 478 Palabra clave: MATLAB, Business cycles, Monetary policy, Mathematical computations, Appendix, Computations, and Liquidity Tema: E52 - Monetary Policy, Y10 - Data: Tables and Charts, and E32 - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
Creator: Miller, Preston J. and Todd, Richard M. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 481 Abstract:
This paper investigates the effects of changes in a country's monetary policies on its economy and the welfare of its citizens and those of other countries. Each country is populated by two-period lived overlapping agents who reside in either a home service sector or a world-traded good sector. Policy effects are transmitted through changes in the real interest rate, relative prices, and price levels. Welfare effects are sometimes dominated by relative price movements and can thus be opposite of those found in one-good models. Simulation of dynamic paths also reveals that welfare effects for some types of agents reverse between those born in immediate post-shock periods and those born later.
Palabra clave: Real interest rates, Relative prices, Prices, Exchange rates, and Monetary policy Tema: F31 - Foreign Exchange, E52 - Monetary Policy, and E31 - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
Creator: Miller, Preston J. and Todd, Richard M. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 494 Abstract:
This paper investigates the macroeconomic and welfare effects of a particular public finance decision. That decision was to use debt rather than current taxation to finance deposit insurance payments related to the savings and loan debacle. We find that this decision could have significantly raised real interest rates and affected welfare. The analysis is conducted in a dynamic, open-economy, monetary general equilibrium model in which parameters are set based on empirical observations.
Palabra clave: S & L, Public finance, Real interest rates, Welfare, Deposit insurance, Taxation, Government debt, and Savings and loan Tema: G21 - Banks; Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages and H63 - National Debt; Debt Management; Sovereign Debt
Creator: Green, Edward J. and Oh, Soo-Nam Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 499 Abstract:
In this paper we explain why markets in noncontingent debt securities might be a stable form of market organization for intermediation to households. Efficient-contract allocation might be supported by these markets because households' relationships with their intermediaries do not exactly parallel the explicit form of the noncontingent contracts that they explicitly sign with one another. Also we show that the efficient-contract model can be distinguished from alternative models within the time-series framework that has been widely used to study households' consumption patterns.
Paper prepared for the 'Debt and Credit' Conference at the LSE.
Palabra clave: Debt securities, Credit, Consumption, Households, and Credit contracts Tema: C22 - Single Equation Models; Single Variables: Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes, D11 - Consumer Economics: Theory, and G21 - Banks; Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages