Creator: Sargent, Thomas J. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 32 Keyword: Choices, Behavior, and Uncertainty Subject (JEL): D80 - Information, knowledge, and uncertainty - General
Creator: Townsend, Robert M., 1948- Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 77 Abstract:
This thesis consists of a series of essays on the theory of exchange under uncertainty. The first essay examines the welfare implications of futures markets in the context of complete markets for contingent claims. It is shown that in a C-good, S-state world the equilibrium allocations resulting from the operation of pre-state noncontingent futures markets and post-state spot markets may be Pareto optimal. This proposition turns on the fact that a futures contract can be interpreted as a security whose state-specific return is the post-state spot price. If the matrix of spot prices has rank S, then, with futures and spot markets, agents can achieve the same allocations over states as with complete markets for contingent claims.
Keyword: Markets and Uncertainty Subject (JEL): G10 - General financial markets - General, D80 - Information, knowledge, and uncertainty - General, and Y40 - Dissertations (unclassified)
Creator: Miller, Preston J. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 173 Description:
This paper reviews selected studies in the theory of macroeconomic stabilization policy and summarizes their key findings.
Keyword: Stabilization theory, Macroeconomic stabilzation policy, and Uncertainty Subject (JEL): D80 - Information, knowledge, and uncertainty - General and E63 - Macroeconomic policy, macroeconomic aspects of public finance, and general outlook - Comparative or joint analysis of fiscal and monetary policy ; Stabilization
Creator: Stutzer, Michael J. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 300 Keyword: Equilibrium analysis, Infinite hyperreal number, Risk, Hyperinfinite probability theory, and Uncertainty Subject (JEL): D81 - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty and C68 - Computable General Equilibrium Models
Creator: Rich, Robert W., 1958- and Tracy, Joseph S., 1956- Series: Joint committee on business and financial analysis Abstract:
This paper examines data on point and probabilistic forecasts of inflation from the Survey of Professional Forecasters. We use this data to evaluate current strategies for the empirical modeling of forecast behavior. In particular, the analysis principally focuses on the relationship between ex post forecast errors and ex ante measures of uncertainty in order to assess the reliability of using proxies based on predictive accuracy to describe changes in predictive confidence. After we adjust the data to account for certain features in the conduct and construct of the survey, we find a significant and robust correlation between observed heteroskedasticity in the consensus forecast errors and forecast uncertainty. We also document that significant compositional effects are present in the data that are economically important in the case of forecast uncertainty, and may be related to differences in respondents' access to information.
Keyword: Forecasting, Inflation, Uncertainty, Disagreement, and Conditional heteroskedasticity Subject (JEL): C12 - Econometric and statistical methods : General - Hypothesis testing, C22 - Single equation models ; Single variables - Time-series models ; Dynamic quantile regressions, and E37 - Prices, business fluctuations, and cycles - Forecasting and simulation