Creator: Eichenbaum, Martin S. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 148 Abstract:
A critical roadblock to modelling inventories of finished goods has been the claim that production and inventory decisions of a perfectly competitive firm are determined independently of each other. A basic goal of this study is to specify fundamental preferences of economic agents, technologies, constraints and market structures that are, in a rough way, capable of generating patterns of serial correlation and cross correlation between inventories and employment of factors of production that are consistent with those observed in the data. The claim is made that the time series for inventories, output and employment can be interpreted as emerging from a well specified dynamic, stochastic competitive equilibrium in which economic agents are assumed to form rational expectations about variables not included in their information sets. Inventories and employment will not be related in a direct way if and only if the price elasticity of demand for output is equal to infinity.
Keyword: Time series analysis and Competitive equilibrium Subject (JEL): C32 - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models and D51 - Exchange and Production Economies
Creator: Litterman, Robert B. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 200 Abstract:
Using optimal control theory and a vector autoregressive representation of the relationship between money and interest rates one can derive a feedback control procedure which defines the best possible tradeoff between interest rate volatility and money supply fluctuations and which could be used to reduce both from their current levels.
Keyword: Control theory, Inflation, Federal Reserve Bank, Optimal control theory, and Time series analysis Subject (JEL): E51 - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers, E40 - Money and Interest Rates: General, and E58 - Central Banks and Their Policies