Creator: Grossman, Gene M. and Helpman, Elhanan. Series: International perspectives on debt, growth, and business cycles Abstract:
We construct a model of the product cycle featuring endogenous innovation and endogenous technology transfer. Competitive entrepreneurs in the North expend resources to bring out new products whenever expected present discounted value of future oligopoly profits exceeds current product development costs. Each Northern oligopolist continuously faces the risk that its product will be copied by a Southern imitator, at which time its profit stream will come to an end. In the South, competitive entrepreneurs may devote resources to learning the production processes that have been developed in the North. There too, costs (of reverse engineering) must be covered by a stream of operating profits. We study the determinants of the long-run rate of growth of the world economy, and the long-run rate of technological diffusion. We also provide an analysis of the effects of exogenous events and of public policy on relative wage rates in the two regions.
Keyword: North-South trade, Product cycles, Imitation, Long-run growth, Technological change, and Innovation Subject (JEL): O33 - Technological change ; Research and development - Technological change : Choices and consequences ; Diffusion processes, F11 - Trade - Neoclassical models of trade, and F41 - Macroeconomic aspects of international trade and finance - Open economy macroeconomics