Creator: McGrattan, Ellen R. and Waddle, Andrea Series: Staff report (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 542 Abstract:
Using simulations from a multicountry neoclassical growth model, we analyze several post-Brexit scenarios. First, the United Kingdom unilaterally imposes tighter restrictions on FDI and trade from other EU nations. Second, the European Union retaliates and imposes the same restrictions on the UK. Finally, the United Kingdom reduces restrictions on other nations during the post-Brexit transition. Model predictions depend crucially on the policy response of multinationals’ investment in technology capital, accumulated know-how from investments in R&D, brands, and organizations used simultaneously in their domestic and foreign operations.
Keyword: United Kingdom, FDI, Brexit, European Union, and Foreign investment Subject (JEL): O33 - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes, F41 - Open Economy Macroeconomics, F23 - Multinational Firms; International Business, and O34 - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
Creator: Chari, V. V. and Kehoe, Patrick J. Series: Staff report (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 308 Abstract:
We analyze the setting of monetary and nonmonetary policies in monetary unions. We show that in these unions a time inconsistency problem in monetary policy leads to a novel type of free-rider problem in the setting of nonmonetary policies, such as labor market policy, fiscal policy, and bank regulation. The free-rider problem leads the union’s members to pursue lax nonmonetary policies that induce the monetary authority to generate high inflation. The free-rider problem can be mitigated by imposing constraints on the nonmonetary policies, like unionwide rules on labor market policy, debt constraints on members’ fiscal policy, and unionwide regulation of banks. When there is no time inconsistency problem, there is no free-rider problem, and constraints on nonmonetary policies are unnecessary and possibly harmful.
Keyword: Fixed exchange rates, Monetary regime, Maastricht Treaty, European Union, and Dollarization Subject (JEL): F33 - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, E42 - Monetary Systems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System; Payment Systems, E63 - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy, F42 - International Policy Coordination and Transmission, E61 - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination, F41 - Open Economy Macroeconomics, F30 - International Finance: General, and E58 - Central Banks and Their Policies