Risultati della ricerca
Creator: İmrohoroglu, Ayşe Ökten and Prescott, Edward C. Series: Staff report (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 132 Abstract:
In this paper we analyze the efficacy of seignorage as a tax associated with various monetary arrangements in a computable general equilibrium model. For the economies examined, we find that seignorage tax is not a good one relative to a tax on labor income. If the after-tax real return is –5 percent, as it was in the 1974–1978 period, welfare is approximately 0.5 percent of consumption lower than it would be if the after-tax return were zero.
Creator: İmrohoroglu, Ayşe Ökten, Merlo, Antonio, and Rupert, Peter Charles, 1952- Series: Staff report (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 216 Abstract:
In this paper we propose a general equilibrium model where heterogeneous agents specialize either in legitimate market activities or in criminal activities and majority rule determines the share of income redistributed and the expenditures devoted to the apprehension of criminals. We calibrate our model to the U.S. economy in 1990, and we conduct simulation exercises to evaluate the effectiveness of expenditures on police protection and income redistribution at reducing crime. We find that while expenditures on police protection reduce crime, it is possible for the crime rate to increase with redistribution. We also show that economies that adopt relatively more generous redistribution policies may have either higher or lower crime rates than economies with relatively less generous redistribution policies, depending on the characteristics of their wage distribution and on the efficiency of their apprehension technology.
Soggetto: D58 - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models, K14 - Criminal Law, and J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity