Creator: Huffman, Gregory W. Series: Finance, fluctuations, and development Abstract:
In this paper a dynamic model is constructed in which labor and capital taxes are determined endogenously through majority voting. The wealth distribution of the economy is shown to influence the voting behavior, and hence the equilibrium levels of the tax rates, which in turn affect the future distribution of wealth. It is shown that the economy exhibits a unique dynamic behavior. Because of the endogenously determined taxes, the asset prices, wealth distribution, and the tax rates can display persistent fluctuations, and even limit cycles, in reaction to exogenous disturbances, or even due to initial conditions. It is also shown that "tax smoothing" does not necessarily appear to naturally arise in such a model, as the economy can display extreme fluctuations in the endogenously determined tax rates.
关键词: Wealth distribution, Voting behavior, Asset prices, Policy formulation, Dynamic general equilibrium model, and Tax rates 学科: H25 - Taxation, subsidies and revenue - Business taxes and subsidies, D31 - Distribution - Personal income, wealth, and their distributions, H20 - Taxation, subsidies and revenue - General, and H24 - Taxation, subsidies and revenue - Personal income and other nonbusiness taxes and subsidies
Creator: Greenwood, Jeremy, 1953- and Huffman, Gregory W. Series: Staff report (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 151 Abstract:
The question of the existence and uniqueness of a stationary equilibrium for distorted versions of the standard neoclassical growth model is addressed in this paper. The conditions presented guaranteeing the existence and uniqueness of nontrivial equilibrium for the class of economies under study are simple and intuitively appealing, while the existence and uniqueness proof developed is elementary. Examples are presented illustrating that economies with distortional taxation, endogenous growth with externalities, and monopolistic competition can all fit into the framework developed.
学科: E30 - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles: General (includes Measurement and Data), E60 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, and C62 - Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium
Creator: Greenwood, Jeremy, 1953- and Huffman, Gregory W. Series: Staff report (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Department) Number: 138 Abstract:
A tax distorted real business cycle model is parameterized, calibrated, and solved numerically in an attempt to measure the size of Harberger Triangles relative to Okun Gaps. In particular, the model constructed is used to study, quantitatively, the impact of various distortional government tax and subsidy schemes. It is shown that the government can use tax policy to stabilize cyclical fluctuations, and this is done for the economy being studied. The benefits of implementing such a stabilization policy are calculated and compared with the size of the welfare gains realized from reducing various tax distortions.