Creator: Green, Edward J. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 501 Abstract:
I consider two theories of the determination of political institutions. One of these theories stresses effects of changes in the balance of military power between the ruler and subjects on the distribution of property rights which the political system enforces. The other theory emphasizes the effect of changing informational constraints which require institutional changes to be made in order to maintain efficiency. I examine how each of these theories would apply to explaining the development of parliamentary government in thirteenth-century England. My general conclusion is that both theories are required to understand fully the process by which liberal political institutions emerge.
Keyword: Great Britain, England, History, and Government Subject (JEL): H11 - Structure and scope of government - Structure, scope, and performance of government and N43 - Government, war, law, and regulation - Europe : Pre-1913
Creator: Green, Edward J. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 509 Abstract:
Thinking regarding the privatization of state industries and enterprises in the former Comecon countries has tended to focus on the efficiency gains that would occur in the privatized sector. Based on the comparatively good performance and the rather rigid configuration of Comecon production institutions, the scope for such productivity gains seems small. Rather, productivity and innovation in the post-Comecon economies are likely to depend greatly on the emergence of new, initially small, entrepreneurial firms. The extent and form of privatization may affect these firms' prospects for success. How the privatized-firm and entrepreneurial sector will interact depends on public-finance considerations as well as on considerations of industrial organization.
Keyword: State enterprise, Eastern bloc, Comecon, Soviet bloc, Private enterprise, Growth, Entrepreneurship, Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, and Privatization Subject (JEL): L16 - Market structure, firm strategy, and market performance - Industrial organization and macroeconomics : Industrial structure and structural change ; Industrial price indices, G38 - Corporate finance and governance - Government policy and regulation, and L33 - Nonprofit organizations and public enterprise - Comparison of public and private enterprises ; Privatization ; Contracting out