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Creator: Bryant, John B. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 92 Parola chiave: Price setting and Competition Soggetto: D41  Market structure and pricing  Perfect competition 

Creator: Bryant, John B. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 177 Descrizione: "Nominal labor contracts replicate net of tax real contracts contingent on aggregate risk in the model presented. Perhaps this is a model of money." (title page note)
Parola chiave: Labor economics, Inflation tax, Income tax, and Wages Soggetto: C68  Mathematical methods and programming  Computable general equilibrium models and J41  Particular labor markets  Labor contracts 
Creator: Bryant, John B. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 175 Abstract: Game theory is both at the heart of economics and without a definitive solution. This paper proposes a solution. It is argued that a dominance criterion generates a, and perhaps the, generalized equilibrium solution for game theory. First we provide a set theoretic perspective from which to view game theory, and then present and discuss the proposed solution.
Parola chiave: Dominance, Nash equilbrium, and Equilibria Soggetto: C68  Mathematical methods and programming  Computable general equilibrium models, C70  Game theory and bargaining theory  General, and C72  Game theory and bargaining theory  Noncooperative games 
Creator: Bryant, John B. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 168 Abstract: A simple model of backed money without a store of value function is presented, discussed, and defended. The function of money in the model is to replace complex contingent contracts traded on a centralized exchange with simple trades in decentralized markets.
Parola chiave: Contracts, Commodity money, and Fiat money Soggetto: C10  Econometric and statistical methods : General  General and E40  Money and interest rates  General 
Creator: Bryant, John B. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 155 Abstract: A new approach to market behavior is suggested. This approach has a coherent game theoretic foundaton, addresses such anomalous economic behaviors as strikes, rigid wages and unemployment, regulation of financial markets, depresssion, and nonmarket allocation, and, more generally, provides insights for Finance, Oligopoly Theory, Industrial Organization, and Macroeconomics. The central theme of the approach is that exchange technologies are a basic building block in a model, as are tastes, endowments, and production technologies. Moreover, the key feature of an institution of exchange is that it allows the making of a binding final offer.
Parola chiave: Bargaining problem, Market behavior, and Competitive allocation Soggetto: D51  General equilibrium and disequilibrium  Exchange and production economies and C72  Game theory and bargaining theory  Noncooperative games 

Creator: Bryant, John B. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 149 Abstract: Game theory addresses a problem which is central to economics. Yet, according to the folklore of economics, game theory has failed. This paper argues that this is an incorrect interpretation of the game theory literature. When faced with a wellposed problem, game theory provides a solution. Procedures for facing game theory with wellposed problems are suggested, and examples of economic applications provided. The applications are Samuelson's fiat money model, Phelps' capital overaccumulation problem, multiple rational expectations equilibria, and a bargaining problem.
Parola chiave: Competitive equilibrium, MinimaxNash, and Nash equilibrium Soggetto: C72  Game theory and bargaining theory  Noncooperative games 
Creator: Bryant, John B. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 149 Abstract: Game theory addresses a problem which is central to economics. Yet, according to the folklore of economics, game theory has failed. This paper argues that this is an incorrect interpretation of the game theory literature. When faced with a wellposed problem, game theory provides a solution. Procedures for facing game theory with wellposed problems are suggested, and examples of economic applications provided. The applications are Samuelson's fiat money model, Phelps' capital overaccumulation problem, multiple rational expectations equilibria, and a bargaining problem.
Parola chiave: Competitive equilibrium, MinimaxNash, and Nash equilibrium Soggetto: C72  Game theory and bargaining theory  Noncooperative games 
Creator: Bryant, John B. Series: Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept.) Number: 146 Abstract: The determination of the mechanism for ordering strategies in a game theoretic conflict is the keystone of economic science, at least insofar as economics is to remain an outgrowth of that (otherwise relatively minor) school of English philosophy, Utilitarianism. A method for the solution of the general game is presented in this paper, and the implications for economic theorizing discussed.
Parola chiave: Games, Economic theory, Political economy, Multiple equilibria, and MinimaxNash Soggetto: C72  Game theory and bargaining theory  Noncooperative games and D50  General equilibrium and disequilibrium  General